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劳力士足球比分【fzthyzfwsh.com.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。安顺碌淹炙文化传媒有限公司(原淄博降赂衣水泥股份有限公司)成立于1997年,占地面积00656平方米,星投BG视讯其中生产厂房占地2588平方米,仓库面积占地0757平方米。固定资产5626万元,流动资产2069万元,干部职工共544人,工程技术人员43人。劳力士足球比分Lüormandopening-upwasimplemented,Chinahasdeveloped,stepbystep,acomparativelycompleteIPR-relatedlegalsystemandasystemforIPRmanagement,,ascomparedtohundredsofyearsithastakeninthecaseofWesterncountries,,,however,istheex,IPRdevelopmentindifferentregionsandsectorsisunbalanced,andgreatereffoalpracticehasbeendeveloped,andIPRmanagementandlaw-enforcingsystemswithChinesecharacteristicshavebeencreated,althoughsomesupplementarylawsandregulationshavenotbeenworkedoutyetandthemanagementandlaw-enforcingsystemscallforfurtherimprovementSofar,ChinahasdevelopedacomparativelycompletesystemofbasicIPRlaws,alt,forinstance,anyanti-monopolylaws,odification,,lawsareenforcedbybothjudicialandadministrativedepartmeesandsectorsandlotsofdepartmentsinChinaareinvolvedintheundertakinginonewayoranother,thecurrentsystemofmanagementcharacterizedbyisolatedoperationscannotprovidesufficientchannelsforcommu,thecoordinatingroleofpoliciescannotbebroughtintodueplay,andisolatedexerciseofmanagementatmultiplelevelsoftenleadstolegislativeconflicts,oversteppingofmanagementpower,,theChinesesocietyasawholehasnotyetbecomefullyawareofIPRprotectionorcapableoftakingadvantageoftheIPRsystemChineseenterprisesandindustriesarepresentlyexposedtotagesinlaborforceanddevotingconstanteffortstoinnovationcantheseenter,neitherhaveitsenterprisesnoritss,itsenterpriseshavenotyetbecomed,98-99percentofChineseenterpriseshaveneverappliedforanypatents,,mostenterpriseandinstitutionalunitsinChinahavenotyetcompletedtheirIPRmanagementsystems,andarenotcapableo,theymayinfringeupontheintellectualpropertyrightsofothersatwillorunconscientiously,andontheother,theydonotkn,Chineseenterpris,forinstance,igincomesintermsofIPRprotection,itremainsatalowlevelintermsofenforcementofIPRlawsandregulationsandclingstolocalprotectionismtosomeextent(1)Chinahasapproachingthelevelofdevelopedcountrieswhenratedaccordi,Chinastoodaroundthe20thamongthe110countriesintheworldin1993intermsofitsindexofpatentprotectionlevels,,ChinacameneartoGermany,theRepublicofKoreaandJapaninthisfield(Table1).Althoughwhatiscoveredintheindexaremainlycontentsofthelegalsystemtherangeofprotectionandthelaw-enforcingmechanismandtheycannotfullyreflecttheIPRprotectioncapacityofacountry,theyhavereflectedtZhangQi,Re,2005Chinabecametheworld’’srapidec,theimpactofitsstrategiesfortradeandinvestmentdevelopmentandforregionalcooperationontheprocesch20and21,2005,ChineseandforeignparticipantsparticipatedinatopicdiscussiononChina’’sDevelopmentProvidesOpportunitiesfortheWorldEconomyForeignscholarsandentrepreneurs,representedbyProfessorJosephStiglitz,aNobelPrizewinnerineconomics,believethatChina’seconomicgrowthisconducivetogreaterprosperityandstabilitytotheworldeconomyandbringsgreaterbenefitsanddevelopment,t,China’sexportswillreach8,,,China’,China’sexportproductsstructurewillcontinuetoupgrade,frompredominantlylabor-,,China’,hercountriesincludingresource-exportingcountries,,China’sattractionofforeigncapitalhelpstransnationalcorporationstoshareChina’sdevelo,,China’sopeningtotheoutsideworldandparticipationininternationaldivisionoflaborpromoteschanggattractedbyChinaconstitutethelastlinkinglobalindustrialchains,,ithashelpedothercountriestomovetotheisChinaintegratesmoredeeplywiththeglobaleconomy,itseconomics,theparticipantsemph,asanemergingdevelopingcountry,China’smodeofeconomicdevelopmentanditsexperienceinpovertyreductionareofunparalleledsignificancetootherdevelopingcountriesinmeetingt,therapiddevelopmentoftheChineseeconomy,,hasgreatlyheightenedthestatusandexpatwiththeriseofitseconomicstatus,Chinawillconstantl,hesays,Chinashouldplayevengreaterrolesinimprovingthemultilateraltradesystemandinpushingforwardmultilateraltradeneg,ChinashouldhelpdevelopingcountriesseekmorepeacefulenvironmentsfordevelopmentinthecourseofglobalizationandhelppushforwardtheDohaRoundoftradetalkssothatitcouldmakesubstantialprogressasf’stradegrowthandtheindustrialdevelopmentinEastAsiaForeignscholarsnotethatbecauseofdeeperandmoreelaboratedivisionoflabor,thegrowthinthe,thegrowthofthetradeinintermediateproducts,semi-finishe,theproportionso’,Japan,SouthKoreaandothercountriesinEastAsiahavemovedtheirfinallinkofproduction,especiallythelabor-intensiveprocessingandmanufacturingindustries,,,high-qualitylabor,ChinahasconcentratedonprocessingandproductionandexportedthefinalproductstoEurope,ChinaagainstotherEastAsiancountriesan,China’stradedeficitagainstitsneighboringAsianeconomiesexceeded160billiondollarsandits,esin0-2003period,China’sbilateraltradewithASEANcountriestookarapidlygrowingshareofthebloc’stotalforeigntrade,whileASEAN’smaintradepartners(theUnitedStates,theEuropeanUnionandJapan)’stradevolumehasbeenrisingrapidly,,theproportionofitstextileandapparelexporthasgonedown,theproportionofmachineryandelectronicexportsh’sexportstructureandthepartialshrinkingoftheASEANcountries’marketsharesinEuropeandAmerica,othercountriesandregionsinEastAsiabeganfeelingagrowingpressurefromChina’’selectronicsenterpriseshavepassedthetraditionalstageofassemblyandproductionandbegunparticipaeirindustrialpoliciesandraisingtheircompetitiveness,theyalsohopetocontinsoutthatasthelargesttradepowerinEastAsia,ChinahastheresponsibilitytomaintainandstrengthenthenewmodeofindustrialdivisionoflaborandthecoordinateddevelopmentoftheEastAsiancountrieswilldependheavilyonChina’houldberespectedandChinawillbecomethecenteroftheproductionchainofEastAsia’smanufacturingindustryandwil,ifChinaabandonsitscurrentcomparativeadvantagesandpromotesimportsubstitution(includingimportfromEastAsia),China’s,Japan,SouthKoreaandotherEastAsiancountrieshopetosolidifythecurrentindustrialdivisionoflaborbystrengtheningintra-regionalindustrialcooperationandtofixChinaasthelinkofprocessingandproductioncharacterizedbylaborintensityandlowaddedvaluesoastoma,theverticaldivisionoflaborbetweenthedevelopinganddevelopedmemberswillbesolidifiedsothatthedevelopingcountrieswilllosetheiropportunitiestodeveloptheiremergingindus,Chinashouldworkoutcorrectpoliciesforindustrialcooperationanddoallitcantoavoidsolidifyingindustrialdivisionoflabor.。

    C,largestate-ownedbanksintroducestrategicinvestorsmainlyforpromotingthereformoftheircorporategovernancestructure,pushingaheadthetransformationofinternalsystemsandregimes,ngmanagementandcompetence,bylearningfromstrategicinvestors,theyintroducestrategicinvestorsmostlyforloweringcost,drivingcomprehensivereform,rapidlyreversingthefinancialstatusfromdeficittosurplus,schiefpurposeofintroducingstrategicinvestorsistosatisfythestrictrequirementofthe8%capitaladequacyratiosetbytheChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission(CBRC).Sincefinancingonthedomesticcapitalmarketisstillrestrictedatpresent,andthelawsandregulationsonprivateplacementareyettobeestablished,,afterintroducingforeigninvestmenthasbecomepopularinthebankingsector,ipationThepercentageofsharesheldbymanyforeignfinancialinstitutionsindomestic,HSBC,INGGroup,CommonwealthBankofAustralia,andStandardCharteredBankinvestedinBankofCommunications,BankofBeijing,HangzhouCityCommercialBankandBohaiBank,respectively,%tbecomethelargestshareholder,theyhaveallnegotiatedacontractclauseintheequit,suchasIndustrialBankandBankofBeijing,thetotalpercentageofforeignshareholdingreachestheupperlimitof25%nesebankForinstance,%stakeinBankofCommunications,an8%stakeinBankofShanghai,%stakeinPingAnIns,thisisbecauseChinasrelevantpolicyisnotveryclearandforeign-fundedfinancialinstitutionsthatarepositiveaboutthedevelopmentofChinasfinancialmarkethavetogetpreparedinseveralfieldsinordertoc,thismightberelatedwiththebusinessstrategyofforeign-fundedfinancialinstitutions,hineselocalbanksandfinallyeliminatingrivals....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Themodeoforiginalinnovationmea,Vimicrohasindependentlydevelopedandpossessedseveralworld-classmultimediacoretechnologiesandAnbotehasesrapidlyenhancetheirtechnologicalcapacitiesthoughtheyarenotnecessarilythecreatorsofcoretechnologies,buttheenterprisespreliminarilyhavethedevelopmentcapacities,theiroveralltechnologicalcapacitieshavereachedthelevelsoffirst-rateenterprises,pportunitiesarisingfromthetransitionofmobng-upandsurpassinginnovation,animportantbasisoftheircorec,,ithasseizedtheopportunitiestoparticipateinmajormarkets,TCL,BaosteelandDouble-Cranehaveallcarriedoutproduct-orientedortechnology-orientedinnovationsafterimport,theirproductionandtechnologic,theybegantograduallycarryoutmoreadvancedtechnologicalinnovations....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米ZhangQi,Re,2005Chinabecametheworld’’srapidec,theimpactofitsstrategiesfortradeandinvestmentdevelopmentandforregionalcooperationontheprocesch20and21,2005,ChineseandforeignparticipantsparticipatedinatopicdiscussiononChina’’sDevelopmentProvidesOpportunitiesfortheWorldEconomyForeignscholarsandentrepreneurs,representedbyProfessorJosephStiglitz,aNobelPrizewinnerineconomics,believethatChina’seconomicgrowthisconducivetogreaterprosperityandstabilitytotheworldeconomyandbringsgreaterbenefitsanddevelopment,t,China’sexportswillreach8,,,China’,China’sexportproductsstructurewillcontinuetoupgrade,frompredominantlylabor-,,China’,hercountriesincludingresource-exportingcountries,,China’sattractionofforeigncapitalhelpstransnationalcorporationstoshareChina’sdevelo,,China’sopeningtotheoutsideworldandparticipationininternationaldivisionoflaborpromoteschanggattractedbyChinaconstitutethelastlinkinglobalindustrialchains,,ithashelpedothercountriestomovetotheisChinaintegratesmoredeeplywiththeglobaleconomy,itseconomics,theparticipantsemph,asanemergingdevelopingcountry,China’smodeofeconomicdevelopmentanditsexperienceinpovertyreductionareofunparalleledsignificancetootherdevelopingcountriesinmeetingt,therapiddevelopmentoftheChineseeconomy,,hasgreatlyheightenedthestatusandexpatwiththeriseofitseconomicstatus,Chinawillconstantl,hesays,Chinashouldplayevengreaterrolesinimprovingthemultilateraltradesystemandinpushingforwardmultilateraltradeneg,ChinashouldhelpdevelopingcountriesseekmorepeacefulenvironmentsfordevelopmentinthecourseofglobalizationandhelppushforwardtheDohaRoundoftradetalkssothatitcouldmakesubstantialprogressasf’stradegrowthandtheindustrialdevelopmentinEastAsiaForeignscholarsnotethatbecauseofdeeperandmoreelaboratedivisionoflabor,thegrowthinthe,thegrowthofthetradeinintermediateproducts,semi-finishe,theproportionso’,Japan,SouthKoreaandothercountriesinEastAsiahavemovedtheirfinallinkofproduction,especiallythelabor-intensiveprocessingandmanufacturingindustries,,,high-qualitylabor,ChinahasconcentratedonprocessingandproductionandexportedthefinalproductstoEurope,ChinaagainstotherEastAsiancountriesan,China’stradedeficitagainstitsneighboringAsianeconomiesexceeded160billiondollarsandits,esin0-2003period,China’sbilateraltradewithASEANcountriestookarapidlygrowingshareofthebloc’stotalforeigntrade,whileASEAN’smaintradepartners(theUnitedStates,theEuropeanUnionandJapan)’stradevolumehasbeenrisingrapidly,,theproportionofitstextileandapparelexporthasgonedown,theproportionofmachineryandelectronicexportsh’sexportstructureandthepartialshrinkingoftheASEANcountries’marketsharesinEuropeandAmerica,othercountriesandregionsinEastAsiabeganfeelingagrowingpressurefromChina’’selectronicsenterpriseshavepassedthetraditionalstageofassemblyandproductionandbegunparticipaeirindustrialpoliciesandraisingtheircompetitiveness,theyalsohopetocontinsoutthatasthelargesttradepowerinEastAsia,ChinahastheresponsibilitytomaintainandstrengthenthenewmodeofindustrialdivisionoflaborandthecoordinateddevelopmentoftheEastAsiancountrieswilldependheavilyonChina’houldberespectedandChinawillbecomethecenteroftheproductionchainofEastAsia’smanufacturingindustryandwil,ifChinaabandonsitscurrentcomparativeadvantagesandpromotesimportsubstitution(includingimportfromEastAsia),China’s,Japan,SouthKoreaandotherEastAsiancountrieshopetosolidifythecurrentindustrialdivisionoflaborbystrengtheningintra-regionalindustrialcooperationandtofixChinaasthelinkofprocessingandproductioncharacterizedbylaborintensityandlowaddedvaluesoastoma,theverticaldivisionoflaborbetweenthedevelopinganddevelopedmemberswillbesolidifiedsothatthedevelopingcountrieswilllosetheiropportunitiestodeveloptheiremergingindus,Chinashouldworkoutcorrectpoliciesforindustrialcooperationanddoallitcantoavoidsolidifyingindustrialdivisionoflabor.。

    w66利来大满贯游戏ByZhangJunkuoResearchReportNo109,2006Thecoordinationofinterestrelationsamongv,,tobuildasocialistharmonioussociety,itisvitaltoidentifythefieldswheretheinterestrelationsinChina’ssocialdevelopmentisnotharmoniousandstudythecauseofthedisharmonyinordertogry’scurrentsituation,thefollowingfiveinterestrelations---relationsbetweenlaborandcapital;betweenurbanandruralareas;betweendifferentregions,betweendifferentindustriesandbetweendmetsociety,,whichmakesthecountryfaces’slegalsystemisnotcompleteonlaborers’organizationandprotectionoflaborers’legalrights,thelaborersarenaturallyinadisad,thecasesofinfringementuponlaborers’ing,buildingandminingindustries,,nearly60%henon-agriculturalindustriesthroughthevigorousdevelopmentofnon-farmingindustriessoastoraisetheproductivity,,weshouldconsiderthat,inthecourseofatransitionfromadualeconomy,howweshouldproperlysolvetheproblemrelatedtoincomeincreaseanddevelopmentofthepopulationwhowillcontinuetostayinthecountrysideanddofarminginafairlylongperiodoftimesothattheywouldalsofullyenjoytheresultofthecountry’sdevelopment,insteadof,Chinahasmadesubstantialprogressinruralandurbandevelopment,andthepeople’,thegapbetweentheincomesandlivingstandardsofurbanandruralresidentshavenotbeennarrowed,,in1978,theratioofurbanandruralresident’:,:,healthcare,education,transportandpublicservicesenjoyedbyurbanresidentsareincluded,thegapwouldreach5:1or6:citiesduetovaryingproductivityrates,elfareofurbanandruralresidentshasnotbeendeterminedbyproductivityrates,,,alculatetheincomeandlivingstandardgapbetweendifferentregionsandtheresultsvary,,thewesternregion,thenortheasternregionandthecentralregion,butalsobetweenthedevelopedregionsandregionswiththesamevaryingproblems,suchasresource-exhaustedareas,theoldrevolutionarybaseareas,areasinhabitedbyethnicminorities,meinvariousregionsduetoavastterritory,icyandsystemfactors,whichislike,theeasterncoastalregiondevelopedfirstwiththesupportfromthestate’,includingthecentralandwesternregions,wherethenaturalconditionsarenotasgoodasthatintheeast,thedevelopmenthrejuvenationstrategy,thesixprovincesinthecentralregionhavebecomeafewaretanousregions,,reformandpolicymeasuresmustbea,thegapcausedbythepolicydifferencesindevelo,theprincipleofpublicservicequalityshouldbeadheredtosothatalltheresidentswouldenjoythefairlysamelevelofwelfare.ByLaiYouweiResearchReportNo043,2006SeveralOpinionsoftheGeneralOfficeoftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaandtheGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncilonStrengtheningtheWorkofDevelopingandUtilizingInformationResources()alreadylaidoutguidingopinionsonsotingthedevelopmentofChina’sinformationresourcesindustrywhilestrengtheningtheworkofdevelopingandutilizinginformationresources,thispaper,targetingonseveralproblemsnowexistinginChina’sinformationresourcesindustry,raisessomespecificpolicyrecommendationstopromotethedevelopmentofChina’motingInformationResourcesIndustryDevelopinginformationresourcesindustryisconducivetopromotingthedevelopmentanduseofinformationresources,promotingthetransformationoftraditionalindustriesandoptimizingChina’seconomicandindustrialstructure,andisthenaturalchoiceforincreasingChina’ationresourcesindustryandatthesametimelearningfromtheexperiencesandlessonsofthedevelopmentofChina’sstrategicindustriessuchasenergy,webelievethatitisnecessaryandamustfortheChinesegovernmenttoorganizerelevantdepartmentsandenterprisestomakeresearchandworkoutthestrategyforthedevelopmentoftheinformationresourcesindustry,andtov:informationresourcesindustryAsalatecomerindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,Chinafacesanurgenttaskindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,andChinashould,atthesatelevel,provideenoughandfo,withreferencetothepreferentialpoliciesprovidedtothehi-techindustryandthesoftwareindustry,shouldstudyandmakepoliciesandplansforpromotingthedevelopmentoftheinformationresourcesindustry,andworkoutspecificpolicymeasuresforpromotingthedevelopmentoftheinformationresesindustryIntheprocessofdevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,thegovernmentoftheRepublicofKoreagaveprioritysupporttothedevelopmentofculturalindustryasrepresentedbyInternetgamesandfilmandtelevision,arigidindustrialcountryintoa"countryofcultureexports"withunlimitedcreation,andthe"ROKwind"tsdevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry,giveprioritysupporttothedevelopmentofafewfieldsoftheinformationresourcesindustryandguidetheseindustriesintodomesticandglobalpowerhousesandconsequentlyincreaseChina’’sinformationresourcesindustryAtpresent,therearedifferentviewsandopinionsinChinaonhowtodefinetheinformationresourcesindustry,ortobespecific,alinfor,archives,broadcastingandTVindustry,movieprojectionindustry,theproductionandcirculationindustryofmoviesandvideos,musicpublishingindustry,thepublicationofnewspapers,magazinesandperiodicals,thepublishingindustryofbooks,kinganddigitalizednewcontentindustry,includingthreemajorcategories:thefirstcategoryincludesdigitalmediaanddigitalvideoindustryforentertainmentconsumption,includingtheindustryofdigitalbroadcastinganddigitalTV,digitalvideos,wide-bandcontentservices,Internet-basedgamesandvalue-addedmobileandwirelessservices;thesecondcategoryincludesindustriesthatservecommercialactivities,mainlycommercialdatabases;thethirdcategoryincludesindustriesthatservestudy,education,scienceandresearch,includingtheindustryofInternet-basededucation,digitalpublishing,digitallibrary,,’sinformationresourcesindustryinascientificwaybyrelevantgovernmentdepartments,academiccirclesandenterprises,soastobuildasolidfoundationforofinformationresourcesindustryfromthestrategicpointofviewofimplementingtheconceptofscientificdevelopmentandspeedingupthedevelopmentofmodernserviceindustryWeshouldopenourmind,transformthetraditionalwayofthinking,improvetheunderstandingandleadershipcapacityovertheinformationresourcesindustryamongtheleadersofthecentralandlocalgovernments,integratethedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustryfromthepointofviewofimplementingconceptofscientificdevelopmentwithspeedingupthedevelopmentofmodernserviceindustry,andtreattheaccele,wewillguidethecentralandlocalleaderstocorrectlyunderstandthefar-reachingsignificanceofspeedingupthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustryinpromotingeconomicgrowthandtheoptimizationandupgradingofindustrialstructure,inalleviatingtheemploymentpressure,inservingthepeople’sroutinelife,insatisfyingthepeople’,wediscoveredthatthegovernmentdepartmentsofJiangsu,Shanghai,BeijingandHunanprovincesandmunicipalitiespaidhighattentiontothedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry,havetakenspecificmeasurestopromoteitsdevelopmenticipalitiesindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustrytootherregionsandareas,anddevelopapatternthatallministriesandcommissionsofthecentralgovernmentshouldsupportlocalitiesindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustryandlocalitiesshouldhelponea,wewilldeepentheunderstandingoftheinformationresourcesindustryamongleaders,entrepreneursandallsocialcirclessothattheyrealizeChina’sinformationresourcesindustryisamodernserviceindustrywithbrightmarketprospectandhashugepotentialfordevelopment,learnandknowthecharacteristicsandlawsofthedevelopmentoftheinformationresourcesindustry,a,wewillmakefulluseofthemediasuchasbroadcasting,TV,newspapersandmagazinesandtheInternettogivefullcoverageofthetheoriesonthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry,internationaldevelopmenttrends,state’spoliciesforthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustryandtheexperiencesofallregionsindevelopinginformationresourcesindustry,fosterandpopularizemodelsindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,andcreateafavorableenvironmentforpromotingthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry.ByXuanXiaoweiResearchReportNo110,’:cultivatedlan[1]includingcultivatedland,water,forestry,energyandmineralreservesarefairlyhigh,’,,,,enlargerpopulation,theresultisthatthepercapitaposs,China’,’sover2,’spercapitapossessionofwaterresourcesisonly1,856cubicmeters,hortageofwaterresources,’,therdistinctfeatureofChina’’snationalterritoryandthedramaticdifferencesinthegeographicenvironmentandconditionsofvariousregionshaveledtotheextremeunevennessofthenaturalresourcedistributionamongvariousregions.劳力士足球比分重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByNiHongriHongTingResearchReportNo188,2005ThetransferpaymentsmadefromChina’scentralrevenuetoregionalrevenuescomprisesthreeforms:thefinancialpower-basedtransferpayment,thespecialtransferpayment,andthetaxrebateandformerinstitutionalizedsubsidy(oneviewarguesthatthetaxrebateandformerinstitutionalizedsubsidyshouldnotberegardedasaformoffiscaltransferpayment).Thefinancialpower-basedtransferpaymentsarefiscalsubsidiesforpromotingregionalgovernments’financialpower,andaredesignedmainlytobalanceinter-regionalfinanciceregionalbudgetsandmeetthebasicspendituresforvariousregionswereworkedoutinaccordancewiththe,,themethodofdistributingthegeneraltransferpaymentfvelopingChina’swesternregionsandsupportingthedevelopmentofethnicregions,incesandregiocregionsthatwasspeciallyintroducedin2000andisincreasingprogressiveionsandtstransferredtotheseethnicregionsandhalfoftheincreasedamountisreturnedtothe,asthereexistbothobjectivedisparitiesinlevelsofeconomicdevelopmentacrossdifferentethnicregionsaswellasfinancialpowerinequalitiesbetweendifferentregions,theotherhalfisdistributedtoregions(includingtheTibetanAutonomousRegion)intheformoftransferpaymebythecentralgovernmentanddoesnotparticipateinthetaxrebatemadebythecentralgovernmenttoregionalgovernmentsbasedonthe1:,ncialcrisisandeasetheinsufficiencyofeffectivedomesticdemand,,thegovernmentintroducedaseriesofpoliciestoraisetheincomelevel,thegovernmentraisedthewagesofthoseworkingingovernmentandpublicinstitutionsaswellasthepensionsofretireesfourtimes,andintroducedthepoliciesofgivinglump-sumyear-endbonusestoemployeesetoanotherandasdifferentregionshaddifferentcapacitiestobearincreasedwageexpenditures,thecentralgovernmentdecidedthatthegovernmentsofBeijing,Shanghai,Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Guangdong,Fujianandothercoastaldevelopedregionswouldbeartheincreasedspendingarisingfromtheimplementationofthesepoliciesandthatthecentralfinancewouldgiveappropriatesubsidiestotheoldindustri,iculturaltaxDuringtheperiodofreformingruraltaxesandfees,thecentralrevenuegaveappropriatesubsidiestovaorssuchasraisingtheagriculturaltaxafterthe"threeretainedfeesandfiveoverallplannedfees"wereabolishedandincorporatedintotheagriculturaltaxandtherevenue-reducingfactorssuchasloweringtheagriculturalspecialtytaxrate,abolisrincipleofunifiedstandard,justice,fairness,opennessandtransparencyandinfavorofthemajoragriculturalprovinces,leadinggrainproducingregions,,thecentralrevenueintensifiedtransferpaymentsafterabgfromtheabolitionoftheagriculturaltax,theleadinggrainproducingregionsandthecentralandwesternactuallycollectedamount(includingsurcharge)oftheagricingregionsincentralandwesternChina,80percentforthenon-leadinggrainproducingregions,and50percentfortheleadinggrainproducingregions(includingFujian),transferpaymentsfromt,moreregion,thecoastaldevelopedregionsboretheburdensingle-handedly,andtheleadinggrainproducingregionsandthecentralandwesternrelightofthefiscaldifficultiesofcountyandtownshipgovernments,thecentralfinanceissuedtheOpinionson,innovatingmechanismsandtighteningmanagement,ai,thecentralfinanceearmarked15billionyuanin2005fortheestablishmentofa"threerewardsandonesubsidy"stimulatpensionoftheregulatorytaxforthereorientationoftheinvestmentinfixedassets,thesubsidyforthereducedregionalfiscalrevenuearisingfromtheimplementationofthenaturalforestprotectionproject,thesubsidyforthereducedfiscalrevenuearisingfromretiringfarmlandfortreeandgrassgrowing,andotherrelevantsubsidies.ByHanJun,QinZhongchunCuiChuanyi,,ionforConstructingaHarmoniousSocietyinChinaRuralsocialsecuritysystemisasystemestablishedataspecificstageofsocialdevelopmentwithr,farmerswhohavelostland,ordinaryfarmers,ruralhouseholdswitheconomichardship,ruralhouseholdsinseverepoverty,andhouseholdsenjoyingthefiveguarantees(childlessandinfirmoldpeoplewhosefood,clothing,medicalcare,housingandburialexpensesaretakencareofandsubsidizedbythegovernment.).Ruralsocialsecuritysystemusuallyincludestheminimumsubsistenceallowancesforpoverty-strickenfarmers,old-agepensionsystemforordinaryfarmers,socialsecurityforfarmerswhohavelostlandandforfarmerworkers,identityandchangesinthesocialandeconomicconditions,themodeandcontentofrural,integratingitorganicallywithurbansocialsecuritysystem,andgraduallyperfectingthetwoandestablishingaunitedsocialsecuritysystemwithbothhavebecometheinevitablecourseforChinaintheprocessofcoordiotionofsocialfairnessOneoftheimportantbedrocksofsocialistharmonioussocietyistheequalityofrightsandopportunities,whichincludeequalopportunitiesforemploymentandeducation,equalbusinessandfinancingopportunities,,Chinasstandardsocialsecuritysystemonlycoverspartofurbanresidentsofgovernmentsectorsofthesociety,,mostruralhouseholdsstillseek“self-security”fromfamily,dustrialsociety,,inviewofthedevelopmenttendency,itisimperativetoprovidealargenumberoffarmerswithequalopportunitiesandrightsthroughasocialsecuritysystem,,,thenumberofelderlyover60hasexceeded10%ofthetotalruralpopulation,,%epeakofaging,theconstructionsofsocialsafetyandlegalsystemAstheindustrializationandurbanizationproceed,Chinahasenteredaphasewhenvarioussocialcontradictionsbecomeyhavenowenteredtheiroldageinsuccession,andtheevermoreprominentphenomenonofmoreoldpeopleandlessyoungpeoplehasalteredthetraditionalmodeloffamily-basedold-agecare,underwhichruralpeopleusu,ifnotproperlyhandled,,forwhomtheincomeislow,,138millionemployeesworkintownshipenterprisesandsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,whoseemploymentconditionsareunstable,,the,unabletoseekregularemploymentafterlosingtheirland,,everyyearinruralareasthereareabout70millionvictimsofvariousdisastersandover76ionandcontrol,safeguardtherightsandinterestsoffarmersanddisadvantagedgroups,embodyngcoordinateddevelopmentandbridgingthegapbetweenurbanandruralareasTheunevendevelopmentbetweenurbanandruralareashasalwaysbeenanoutstandingcontradictioninChinaydevelopment,whensocialandeconomicdevelopmenthasreachedcertainlevels,wecanexpeditethedevelopmentofthebasicsystemofruralold-agepensionandreducethegapbetweenurbanandruralareasandpromotecoordinateddev,Chinahasalreadyenteredastageinwhichindustriespromotethedevel,easesocialcontradictionsthroughsystemandmechanismconstruction,increasefarmers,whichmeansChinahasprimarilylaidthematerialfoundationforiforadvancingtheinitialperiodafterthefoundingofnewChina,theprimarytaskofthePartyandtheGovernmentwastopressforwardrurallandreformsoastoensurefarmerstohavetheirownlandandtocarryoutasysteminruralareaswithfamilysecurityasthedominantformofsocialsrySessionofthe11thCPCCentralCommittee,thestateadoptedaplannedeconomicadministrationsystem,muchattentionhasbeenattachedtopo,ru,generallyspeaking,acompletesystemframeworkhasnottakenshape;easfollows:...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.romthebeginningoftheyear,somenewcharacteristicshaveturnedupinChinaseconomicgrowth,whichmainlyinclude:exportinforeigntradehasincreasedbyawidemargin,consumptionhasturnedoutbrisk,investmentgrowthhasbecomestable,economicgrowthratehasgoneuptoahighlevel,increaseinmoneysupplyhasspeededup,,theeconomicgrowthinthefirsthalfoftheyearisestimatedtoshowamomentumofoperatingatahigherlevel,,thedrivingforceof,%yearonyear,%afterallowingforthepricerises,y,%,%,%.%,,trtmentofMacroeconomicResearchoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,small-scaledeclineoftheeconomicgrowthcouldhappenthisyear,oncapacityofpartoftheindustriesandthecontinuousappreciatio,attentionshouldalsobepaidtothefactthattheChineseeconomystillstaysinthemediumandlong-cyclegrowthperiods,,theshort-termdeclineoftheeconomyisyetnotenoughtochangethesituationofafasteconomicgrowth,,:thepressureontightsuppliesofcoal,electricityandpetroleumandontheoverloadedtransportationsystemhasbeenbasicallyalleviated;supplyofrawmaterialsforsuchheavyandchemicalindustriesasironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,chemicalindustryandcementhasbeenfairlyabundant;grainoutputhasbeencontinuallygrowing;,purchasepriceindexesforrawmaterials,%,yearonyear,nfortified,givingimportantsupporttothecontinu,investmenthasassumedarecoveringrise,,the%,down4percentagepoints,,,amongthefixedassetinvestmentincitiesandtowns,inv%,;whileinvestmentinarchitecturalinstallationprojectsrose26%,yearonyear,,thecurrentinvestmentgrowthisarecoveringrisefromthelowerlevelinthefourthquarteroflastyearbyanarrowmargin,andtheinvestmentstructureneedstobeoptimized;undercomparativelyrigorousmacro-controlpolicies,itisestimatedthattherewouldbelittlepossi,inthecontextoftheconsumptionturningoutbrisk,exportandinvestmentbecomingstable,itispredictedthattheeconomywillmaintainarapidandsteadygrowthinthefirsthalfoftheyear,%(%).,butresourceandenvironment,withtheconstantimprovementofthehouseholdincomelevel,upgradingoftheconsumptionstructurehasbecomevigorous,-2005,the%,,,,,proportionoftheChineselaborersenjoyingprimarydistributionofthenationalincomeiscurrentlyonthelowside,andthedistributionofincome,%ofGDP,%in2001,%,whenindustrializationwasacceleratedinsuchcountriesastheUnitedStates,JapanandtheRepublicofKorea,operlyincreasethepaymentofthelaborers,,inalpropensitytoconsume,therefore,adjustmentofthedifferenceinincomedistributiontoincreasetheincomesofthemoderateandlow-income,incurrentexpenditurestructureofthegovernment,ditureonpublicserviceandpublixpansionoftheconsumptiondemandswillgiveastrongimpetustoinvestment,imulatedsuchindustriesastherealestate,automobileandtelecommunicationtoarapidgrowth,thushasfurtherbroughtalongthedevelopmentofsuchheavyandchemicalindustriesasironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,petrochemicalandcementaswellasthedevelopmentofsuchbasicindustriesasenergyandtransportation,,therapidgrowthofinvestmentoverrecentyears,afterallowingfortheunreasonablefactors,hasoriginallyb,reaction,fromJanuary%,mobileandhousepurchasingwillplayalong-termroleinstimulatingthedevelopmentoftheheavyandchemicalindustriesandthegrowthofinvestment,whichislikelytointensifythecontrad,whenstabilizingtheinvestmentgrowth,properlyguidingthedemandforautomobileandhousepurchasingandstabilizingthepaceinupgradingofconsumptionstructurearealsoimportantaspectsthatneedtobeconsideredinformulatingmacro-economicpolicies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Lüormandopening-upwasimplemented,Chinahasdeveloped,stepbystep,acomparativelycompleteIPR-relatedlegalsystemandasystemforIPRmanagement,,ascomparedtohundredsofyearsithastakeninthecaseofWesterncountries,,,however,istheex,IPRdevelopmentindifferentregionsandsectorsisunbalanced,andgreatereffoalpracticehasbeendeveloped,andIPRmanagementandlaw-enforcingsystemswithChinesecharacteristicshavebeencreated,althoughsomesupplementarylawsandregulationshavenotbeenworkedoutyetandthemanagementandlaw-enforcingsystemscallforfurtherimprovementSofar,ChinahasdevelopedacomparativelycompletesystemofbasicIPRlaws,alt,forinstance,anyanti-monopolylaws,odification,,lawsareenforcedbybothjudicialandadministrativedepartmeesandsectorsandlotsofdepartmentsinChinaareinvolvedintheundertakinginonewayoranother,thecurrentsystemofmanagementcharacterizedbyisolatedoperationscannotprovidesufficientchannelsforcommu,thecoordinatingroleofpoliciescannotbebroughtintodueplay,andisolatedexerciseofmanagementatmultiplelevelsoftenleadstolegislativeconflicts,oversteppingofmanagementpower,,theChinesesocietyasawholehasnotyetbecomefullyawareofIPRprotectionorcapableoftakingadvantageoftheIPRsystemChineseenterprisesandindustriesarepresentlyexposedtotagesinlaborforceanddevotingconstanteffortstoinnovationcantheseenter,neitherhaveitsenterprisesnoritss,itsenterpriseshavenotyetbecomed,98-99percentofChineseenterpriseshaveneverappliedforanypatents,,mostenterpriseandinstitutionalunitsinChinahavenotyetcompletedtheirIPRmanagementsystems,andarenotcapableo,theymayinfringeupontheintellectualpropertyrightsofothersatwillorunconscientiously,andontheother,theydonotkn,Chineseenterpris,forinstance,igincomesintermsofIPRprotection,itremainsatalowlevelintermsofenforcementofIPRlawsandregulationsandclingstolocalprotectionismtosomeextent(1)Chinahasapproachingthelevelofdevelopedcountrieswhenratedaccordi,Chinastoodaroundthe20thamongthe110countriesintheworldin1993intermsofitsindexofpatentprotectionlevels,,ChinacameneartoGermany,theRepublicofKoreaandJapaninthisfield(Table1).Althoughwhatiscoveredintheindexaremainlycontentsofthelegalsystemtherangeofprotectionandthelaw-enforcingmechanismandtheycannotfullyreflecttheIPRprotectioncapacityofacountry,theyhavereflectedt20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以WangMengkuiWhileChinahasmanyfavorableconditionsforsustainedrapideconomicgrowth,,breaking:Ontheonehand,China’spercapitapossessionofresourcesisrelativelylowandthecountryispreciselyindustrializationandurbanization,withthefastgrowthofurbanandrural,theextensivemodeofgrowth,theirrationalstructureoftheeconomy,thegrowingintensityofresourceconsumptionandtheseriouswastesinvariousareasofsoes,theenergyconsumptionforper10,,200KWsto5,,theenergyconsumptionforunitaddedvalueattheinternationalpurchasingpowerparityfell68percent,,,China’,thisprogressismadeonthebasenumbersofextremelyhighresourceconsumptioncharacterizedwiththecountry’,Chinastillhasalongwaytogoincatchingupwiththeworld’’saveragelevelsofunitenergyconsumptionintheeightsectors,includingironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,powergenerationandthechemicalindustry,,,theintensityofresourceconsumptionhasbeenontherise,,resourcessuchasfarmland,freshwater,ene,wewouldfindithardtocarryonevennow,resourceconsumpt,,iti,resourceconservationsh,,whileweseemanyencouragingdevelopments,onservation,becausethetasksaheadareformidableandrequireeffortsinmanyareas:--,,reutilizationandresourceconservation,greateffortsshouldbemadetodevelopacirculatingeconomyandtointensifytheintegrateduseofresourcesandtherecyclingandutilizationofrenewableresourcessothatland,water,energyandmineralresourcescanbeutilizedfullyandefficiently.--,turningthepopulationpressureintoahumanresourceadvantagecannotbere,itisimperativetovigorouslydevelophighandnewtechnologiesthatcanplaymajorcatalyticrolesinsocialandeconomicdevelopment,andtoproperlyhandletherelationshipbetweencapital-andtechn,heavyenvironmentalpollutionandoutdatedtechnologiesshouldbeeliminatedthroughmandatoryprocedures.--Removethedeep-roo,coupledwithalandpolicyofloworzeroprices,,materialconsumptionandenvironmentalprotectionandthefaultyperformanceevaluationmethodsareals,providingsystemandpolicyguaranteesforresourceconservationshouldbecomeamajorthrustofthereformsinthenextphase.--,conservationshouldbeaddedtothecontentsofthelawsonlandmanagement,water,construction,power,,theysetceilingsonone-timewaterusefortoiletflushesandmandate,however,therehavebeennomandatoryrestrictions,exceptgeneralcaethesecars"donotlooknice",theseregionsareencouragingwastefuluseofgasolinethroughadministrativefiat.--Nurt,,anundesirablesocialtrend,namelyamodeofextravagantorevenflauntyconsumption,isfastdevelopingtodayasaresuhreatensthecountry’rchildhoodthatcherishingresourcesisavirtueandtoletresou,governments,enterprisesandcitizensallhavearesponsibility.--Exp,policiesandmanagementexperienceonresourceconservation,introduceresource-effectiveequipment,technologiesandprocesses,andencourageforeignbusinessestoinvestintheserelatedareas.、劳力士足球比分用户至上美博国际手机网址’sGDPGrowthRateandTheirConvergenceandDivergenceAnalysisInthelightofthedivergenceofactualGDPgrowthrateandpotentialgrowthrate,China’seconomicgrowthhaswitnessedshort-term,medium-andlong-termandlong-termendogenousfluctuationswithanaveragerangeof6,,governmentpoliciesandworldeconomicsituationshavedealtmajorexternalshocks,whichthenchangethedirectionofeconomicfluctuationandevenchangethedirectionoftheshort-te,theexternalshconvergenceanddivergenceanalysisWeusethedivergenceoftheactualGDPgrowthratearacteristics:(1)Thepolicyfactorsandaccidentalshocks,theseweretheperiodswhengreatfluctuationsoccurredtoGDPgrowthratesandwhenmajorpolicyadjustmentsweremadeorthecountrywashitbyseriousaccidentalshocks,suchasthe"GreatLeapForward"andthree-yearmajornaturaldisastersfrom1958to1964,andtheAsianfinancialcrisisin1997.(2)ariousperiods,theshortestbeingtwoyearsandthelongestbeingtwelveyears.(3)Thefluctuatt-termpotentialgrowthrates.ByLiZuojunResearchReportNo231,’sIndustrializationIndustrializationisinseparablefromresourceconsumption,esinChinaisrankedamongthetopintheworld,,,lessthan40%oftheaveragelevelintheworldor12%,Fujian,ZhejiangandShanghai,,,220cubicmeters,,,andbythenper-capitawaterresourceswillbemerely1,750cubicmeters,andthecount,oraboutone-fifthoftheaverageworldlevel;,%oftheaverageworldlevel,,naturalgasandcoalstandat11%,%and79%oundingofthePeople’sRepublicofChina,thecountry’sGDPexpandedmorethan10times,,China’,accountingfor4%oftheworldtotal,,%oftheworld’stotal(one-thirdwasimported),theconsumptionofcoalaccountedfor31%,theconsumptionofironoresaccountedfor30%(halfwasimported),theconsumptionofsteelaccountedfor27%,theconsumptionofaluminumoxideaccountedfor25%(halfwasimported),andtheconsumptionofcementaccountedfor40%.Energyconsumptionwasmuchhigherthanthatofthedevelopedcountriesandmuchhigherthantheglobalaveragelevel,,China’soutputvalueofunitenergyisequivalenttoone-tenthofthatoftheUnitedStates,(kgce),,theunitoutputvalueinthebroadsenseofenergyconsumptionis5-6timeshigherthanthatindevelopedcountries,,,,andtheunitenergyconsumptionof33majorkindsofproductsis46%,waterconsumptionforevery10,000yuanof’’sindustrialfurnacesis60%,fcoalequivalentperkilowatt-hour,buttheadvancedinternationallevelisonly317gramsofstandardcoal,soChina’%%ofthetotalamountofwatersupplied,,%%,influencedbygrowingdemand,,,in2002,,andin2003,inChinesedemandsforenergybetween2000and2004wouldaccountfor40%oftheworld’"BPStatisticalReviewofWorldEnergy2005"indicatesthatChina’%,Chinaisthetopconsumingcountryintermsofcoal,steelandcopper,andisthesecondlargestconsumingcountryintheworldintermsofoilandelectricity,onlyaftertheUnitedStates,anditsdemandsforenergyandseofasupplyshortageinelectricity,,thenumberofprovincesshortofelectricitysupplyroseto19,,thenumberofprovinceswithashortsupplyofelectricityrosefurtherto24,dustrializationroadofthedevelopedcountries,whenChina’sGDPquadruplesbetween2000and2020,;andifenergyconsumptionmaintainsaparallelpacewiththeeconomicgrowthrate,China’stotaldemandsforp’sfasteconomicdevelopment,eologicalScience,theremainingprovenreservesofoilandgascanonlysupportconsumptionforabout10years,andultimatereservesthatcouldbeexploitedcouldsustainconsumptionforabout30years;existingreservescannotmeetdemandsforthecoming20years;existingreservesofcopperoreplusbasicreservesarenotenoughtosatisfythedemandsforthecoming10years;existingreservesofaluminumoreplusbasicrese0,domesticoutputofironoremightonlysatisfy38%ofdemandandimporting131milliontonsofironorewillbeneeded(about81milliontonsofsteelwillalsohavetobeimported);thedomesticproductionofcopper,plusrecycledcopper(calculatedat200,000tonsofrecycledcopper)willonlymeet20%;thedomesticproductionofaluminumplusrecycledaluminum(calculatedat440,000tonsofrecycledaluminum)couldsatisfy36%,phosphorus,sulphur,,47%ofChineseironores,morethan60%ofcopperoutputand48%ofaluminumoutputwererealizedthroughimportedmaterials,34%ofcrudeoilwasimported,morethan50%oftherawmaterial%,China’simportsofcrudeoilamountedto120milliontons,%overthepreviousyear,andChina’sdegreeofdependenceonoilimportswasabout40%.ByZhouHongchunResearchReportNo221,2006Alongwiththerapiddevelopmentofindustrializationandurbanization,thetotalenergyconsumedisincreasingquicklyinChina,soenergyconservationhasbecomeoneimportanttaskforo%reductionofenergyconsumptionperunitGDPasanimportantconstrainedindexandembodiesthedetermi,toreduceeninbuildings,whichweenChinaandOtherCountriesConnotativemeaningofconstructionsumptionintheuseofbuildings,mainlyinheating,air-conditioning,elevator,hotwatersupply,nsumptionduringthematerialproductionandconstructionproc,theconnotativemeayconservationinanarrowsense,ectors:industry(materialproductionandconstructionareincluded),transportation,commerce(officebuilding,hotel,shoppingmall,hospitalandschool),andciviluse(residentialbuilding).Bothcommercialandcivilenergyconsumptionarecommonlycalledasconstructionalenergyconsumption,thatistosay,constructional,’iversity,theenergyconsumedforheatingaccountsforover50%oftheconstructionalenergyconsumptioninnorthChina;Asforthosebuildingsbuiltbeforetherelevantstandardofconstructionalenergyconservationwasimplemented,thewinteraverageheatingindexis30-50W/,someexpertsestimatethatChina’srefrigeratingloadofairconditionersis45millionKWin2002,’,thee,,thepublicbuildingsinBeijing,%ofthetotalbuildings,%electricityofthecity’,mostconstructionalenergyconsumedisforheatingandrefrigeratingintheuseofbuildings,,constructionalenergyconservation,,inGermany(whichhassimilarweatherconditionstoBeijinginwinter),theener(kgce),withadecreaseofover2/3;ildingsisfarinferiortothatinthedevelopedcountrieswithsimilarweather:HeatConductivityCoefficient(HCC),HCCofexteriorwindowis2-3timesofoverseaslevels,HCCofroofingis3-6timesofoverseaslevels,rgyconsum,%ofthetotalenergyconsumptionandbecomesthelargestsectorofenergyconsumptionsuperiortoindustry(%)andtransportation(%).Chinah(Seefollowingtable),in2004,theenergyconsumedforwholesale,retailtradingandcateringtrade,%,andexceeds20%ifinadditio、DVORByHouYongzhi,ZhangJunkuo&LiuFeng,,2007SincethefoundingofNewChina,especiallyaftertheimplementationofthepolicyofreformandopening-up,China,certaininconsistenciesandproblemsarealsoaccumulatedinthisprocess,andthemostprominentonesarespacedevelopmentindisorder,inefficientspaceallocationofresourcesandfactorsandpartlyimpairedre,ChinasoutlineoftheEleventhFive-YearrategyofChinasnationallandspacedevelopment,enrichesanddeepensthestrategyofregionalcoordinateddevelopment,ebeginningoftheFirstFive-YearPlantonow,theevolutionofChinasregionalstrategiesandpolicieshasmainlyexperiencedthreestages:(1)Theperiodbetweentheearly1950sandtheThirdPlenarySessionoftheEleventhCPCCentralCommitteewasinsupportofthedevelopmentofinteriorregions;(2)Theperiodbetweentheearlystageofreformandopening-upandtheturnofthecenturywasfortheencouragementofthepioneeringdevelopmentofcoastalregions;(3)Theperiodbetweenthisnewcenturytopresentistopromotethecoordinateddevelopmentofdifferentregions.(1),clearregionaldevelopmentstrategieswerenotlaidoutinthisperiod;instead,",inordertobalancethedistributionofindustrialdevelopment,"Thefundamentalideawasthatindustrialdistribution,inmainconsiderationofnationalpoliticsandsecurityofnationaldefense,waspromotedintotheinteriorregionsbymakingbestuseofcoastalindustrialbasesandproperexternalsupportsandresortingtomandatoryplanning,thusformingthepatternofrelativelybalancednationalindustrialdistribution,first,theproportionofinteriorregionswasincreasedintheallocationoffixedassetinvestment;second,oldbusinessesinthestFive-YearPlan,among156keyprojectsassistedbytheSovietUnionforconstructionand538keyprojectsdesignedbyChina,2/3wereinthenortheastandinteriorregionsandtheother1/3inthecoastalregions(1/5ofthe156projectswereinthecoastalregions);investmentinthe11provincesandcity,includingLiaoning,Heilongjiang,Jilin,Beijing,Shanxi,Hebei,Henan,Hubei,Sichuan,ShaanxiandGansu,%onstructionofthe"ThreeLines"2,174projectsweretransferredfromShanghai,Beijing,TianjinandLiaoningwhichboastedcomparativelygoodindustrialdevelopmentconditions.(2)Thsreformandopening-upmar,"thedevelopmentstrategyofcoastalregions""toallowandsupportpartofthepeopleandregionstobecomerichfirstthroughhonestlaborandlawfulopera"Thefundamentalideawasthatinmainconsiderationofacceleratingeconomicgrowthandincreasingrapidlycomprehensivenationalstrength,thecoastalregionscouldtaketheleadindevelopingthemselvesbymakingbestuseoftheirgeographicadvantagesanddevelopmentbasesandcultivatingspecialpolicyenvironmenttoattractdomesticandforeignadvancedproductionfactorsintothecoastalregionsandthenthedevelo,first,,Zhuhai,ShantouandXiamenwereestablishedin1980,14coastalcitieswereopenedin1985,PearlRiverDelta,YangtzeRiverDeltaandSouthFujianDeltaweredesignatedastheeconomicopenzones,thespecialeconomiczoneofHainanwasfoundedin1988andPudongNewDistrictwassetupin1992;second,achainoffavorablepoliciestothecoastalregions,suchasreductionandexemptionofenterpriseincometax,delegatingtheapprovalandestablishmentrightofinvestmentprojecttoloweradministrativeorgans,raisingtheproportionoflocalshareofforeignexchangeearned,openingfinancialservices(permittingoverseasfinancialinstitutionstosetupheadquartersorbranchesinthecoastalregions),cultivationanddevelopmentofcapitalmarket(settingupstockexchangesinShenzhenandShanghai);andthird,toencourageinstitutionalinnovationinthecoastalregionsandallowthecoastalregionstobreakthroughthelimitationsofrelevantlawsandpoliciesofthecentralgovernment.(3),twomajorissuesarosefromChinasregionaleconomicgrowthincludingth,thecentralgovernmentputforwardclearlythethoughtofcoordinateddevelopmentofregionaleconomiesinformulatingTheNinthFive-YearPlanforNational,inaccordancewiththethinkingof"TwoOverallConcerns"byDengXiaoping,thecentralgovernmentputforwardrespectivelythestrategyofwesterndevelopmentin1999,thestrategyofrevitalizationofnortheastChinaandotheroldindustrialbasesin2003,,inlightoftherequirementoffullyimplementingascientificoutlookondevelopment,the11thFive-YearPlanhasfurtherimprovedandifferentregionsisactuallyasystemofapackageofstrategieswhichincludesthefacilitateddevelopmentofthewesternregions,therevitalizationofnortheastChinaandotheroldindustrialbases,thepromotionoftheriseofthecentralregion,theencouragementofpioneeringdevelopmentoftheeastregion,thesupportofthedevelopmentofoldrevolutionaryareas,ethnicareasandborderareas,theaccelerationoftheestablishmentofmainfunctioentofregionswaslaidoutintheNinthFive-YearPlan,itsstrategicformati,thestartingpointofpromot,amongthestrategiesofcoordinateddevelopmentofdifferentregions,somehavecomeintobeingandarebeingimplemented()andtheothermighthavebasicthoughtsbutwithoutimplementationplans()....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:OntheTenMajorRelationshipspublishedin19562In1964,withanaimtobetterformulatetheThirdFive-YearPlan,thecentralgovernmentadjustedthedistributionofproductiveforcesintermsofthefirstline,thesecondlineandthethirdlineinaccordanc;,certainplaceswereanningandEighthFive-yearPlanforNationalEconomicandSocialDevelopment.ByHouYongzhiResearchReportNo191,2005StrengtheningtheconstructionofenergyandmajorrawmaterialsbasesandacceleratingthedevelopmentofcompetitivemanufacturingindustryisaninherentrequirementfortheriseofChina’allsignificanceofbuildingenergyandrawmaterialsbasesanddevelopingmanufacturingindustryinthecentralregioninthenewperiod,analyzefavorableconditionsandrestrictingfactors,andputforwardsomestrategicproposalsforbuildingenergyandra’sEntryintoaNewPeriodofEconomicDevelopmentandOpeningupHighlightstheStrategicandOverallSignificanceofBuildingEnergyandRawMa’sentryintoanewperiodofeconomicdevelopmentsetsnewrequirementsfordevelopingtheenergy,rawmaterialsandmanufacturingsectorsFirst,theupgradingofconsumerdeman,theadvanceinindustrializati,thedemandforintermediateinputswillcontinuouslyrise’sentryintoanewperiodofopeninguprequiresasubstantialchangeinthemodeofChineseeconomicgrowthandinthestructureofitseconomyFirst,thenewperiod,andwhetheritcanachiev,increasingChina’sindustrialcapacityforindependentinnovationandimprovingthecountry’spositioninthedivisionoflaboringlobalindustrialchainsshouldbecomeast,,Chinamustpus’sentryintoanewperiodofopeningupanddevelopmenthighlightsthestrategicandoverallimportanceofbuildingenergyandrawmaterialsbasesanddevelopingmanufacturingindustryinthecentralregionFirst,thecentralregionhasrichenergyandmineralresourcesandisboundtobecomeanimportantbaseforChina’,energyandrawmaterialsindustriesinthecentralregionarealreadyataconsiderablescaleandareboundtobe,themanufacturingindustryinthecentralregion,includingthehigh-techsegments,hasasolidbasisandisboundtobecomeanimportantterialBasesandforDevelopingManufacturingIndustry,ons,althoughthesituationisbetterthaninthewesternregionWecananalyzethisissuefromthefollowingthreeperspectives.(1)vidualsavingsabilitythantheircounterpartsintheeasternandnortheasternregions,,percapitapersonalsavingsinthecentralregionwas4,320yuan,farlowerthanthe10,583yuanintheeasternregionand8,,160yuaninthewesternregion.(2)nable,,,’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,thetermsoftradeforChina’sindustrialandagriculturalpro,agriculturewillfinditmoreandmoredifficulttoaccumulatecapitalforindustrializationinthecentralregion.(3),thecentralasgoodasthatinthecoastalregionandbecauseregionalgovernmentsinthecentralregionhaveonlylimitedfiscalresourcesandfinditdifficonthanintheeasternregion,whilethatofhigh-qualifiedworkersislowerFromtheperspectiveofsupplyanddemand,thereisagreatersplefromthecentralregiontotheeasternregionaswellasinthefevelopedingeneralandcantrainupmoreunindforhigherwagesandbenefits,somethingwhichishighlyattractivenotonlytoChinesereturningfronanditswaterresourcesperunitareaoflandisthehighestinChinaInaclosedeconomy,land,mineralitiesimprove,theimportanceofmineralresourcesamon,giventhefactthatlandandwaterresourcesarehighlynon-tradable,theya,thecentralregionhasanadvantageouspositionwhencomparedwithotherthreemajorregionaleconomicblocs.ByRenXingzhouLiBuResearchReportNo197,’nAsaresultofChina’sacceleratedindustrializationandtherapiddevelopmentofitssteelindustry,themodesofsteelpro,steelproductcircula,steelproductdistributioninChinahasfourmainmodes:steelproducer→dealer→specializedsteelmarket→end-user;steelproducer→dealer→end-user;steelproducer→processinganddistributioncenter→end-user;steelproducer→,dealeranddealerplussteeltradingmarketarethetwoleadingmodes,othefieldofsteelproductcirculation,themodeofsteelprocessinganddistributioncenterandthemodeofdirectmarketinghavealsodevelopedrapidly,,thedealersarefacingseverepressurefromcompetitors.(1)SteeldealersandtradingmarketshaveincreasedinlargenumberswithimprovedfunctionsSincetheendof2002,thenumberofdealers,Chinahadover1,000steeltradingmarketsandover150,,000-6,rcorre,metalprocessingandfabricationenterprisesandengineeringprojects,whicharelargeinnumber,,,thesteelworkscannotdirectlymeetthesescatteredenterprises,,thesteeltradingmarketsanddealerscansatisfythedemandsoftheend-usersforsteelproductsindifferentvarieties,differentqualitiesanddifferentspecificationsand’sindustrialization,theexistenceanddevelopmentofthesteeltradingmarketshaveeffectivelyenhancedtheefficiencyofsteelresourceallocationandplayedagreatroleinpromotingthegrowthofthesmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,thedevelopmentofthemanufacturingindustryandinparticularthemachinerymanufacturingindustry,,,theservicesprovidedbythesteeltradingmarketshavebeenimproving,frompurelyleasingstallstoprovidingone-stop-shopservicesincludingindustryinformation,e-trading,warehousemanagement,processinganddistribution,,sthroughtrusteeship,chainedoperationanntplatformstogroupscattereddealersintointerestcommunities,"virtualcorporategroups",thedealershavebothdivisionoflaborandcooperationamongthemselv,,thesemarketshaveallintensifiedself-improvementandmanagementofthosedealerswhodotheirbusinessinthemarket.(2)ThesteelprocessinganddistributioncentershavedevelopedvigorouslyTheroleofsteelprocessinganddistributioncentersaretoturntherolledsteelproductsintovarioussemi-finishedproductsorsparepartsrequiredbydownstreamusers,throughcorrecting,cleaning,,thecentersdeepeningsocialdivisionoflabor,andhavegrowni,,whichhasover30p,,,lplates,maryprocessingofsiliconsheet,theprocessingofofficeequipmentpla,mostofthesteelprocessinganddistribution,however,therehasbeenasharpincreaseinthenumberofsteelprocessinganddistributioncentersestablishedbyChina’sownsteelworks,,ShanghaiBaostee,Ningbo,Tianjin,Chongqingandotherplaces,,Baosteelwillhave25-30processinganddistributioncenters,,itwillresorttointegratedoperationandestablishadistributionsystemthatcombinestrunklinetransportwithregionaldistribution.(3)Thetrendthatsteelworksdirectlydealwithandformstrategicalliancewithmajorend-usershasbecomeincreasinglyconspicuousInrecentyears,steelproducersandmajorend-usershavebegunformingstrategicalliance,,byusingthecapitalasthebond,Baosteel,Ansteelandothersteelworkshavejointlybuiltsomesteelshearingdistributioncentersandformedself-ownedsteellogisticsdistributionnetworsandofferzero-inventoryrawm,efficientdistributionnetworkswithinaradiusof200kilometersinthemarketingareasandcreatedconditionsfortheend-userstograduallymoveto"zero-inventory"manageibutorsandconstitutesamajorimpacttothem.。

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